A dental implant is a replacement of tooth roots and provide a stable foundation for future crown or bridge to replace the missing teeth. Implant is placed into the jaw bone and allowed to fuse or integrate with bone over a period of time . It acts as replacement for the root of a missing tooth . They can be used to replace a single tooth, multiple teeth or the whole set of teeth. In other words dental implant can be used to support a dental prosthesis such as single crowns , bridge, dentures, facial prosthesis and act as an orthodontic anchor to restore functions, and aesthetics . Dental implants are usually made of titanium a BIO-COMPITABLE material which allows them to fuse with the human bone and avoids the precipitation of a foreign-body reaction. Implants fuses with the bone by biological process turned as OSSEOINTEGRATION . The prognosis and outcomes of dental implants placement has improved drastically with a success rate of nearly close to 98 %
Success or Failure of Implants Depends on:
Health of the person .
Drugs which impact osseointegration .
Health of tissues in mouth.
Amount of stress put on implant and fixture during normal function.
Planning the position and number of implants is key to the long term stability and health of the prosthesis .
The prerequisites to long term success of osseointegrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva.
Advantages of Dental Implants includes
Improved overall appearance.
No damage to neighbouring tooth as in dental bridge.
Improve speech oral health.
Comfort and self â€“ esteem.
Increased chewing efficiency
Who can get Dental Implants?
Any overall healthy individual can go for dental implants provided they have healthy gums , enough bone to support the implant, can go for regular dental visits and good oral hygiene. Heavy smokers and medically compromised patients such as patients suffering from diabetes, heart diseases,
patients heaving radiation therapy of the head and neck need to be evaluated on an individual basis.
Are Dental Implants painful?
Very minimal discomfort is involved during the procedure and are less painful than a tooth extraction .There is no need for block anaesthesia or general anaesthesia , just few drops in gums (Infiltration).